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川習談台灣籌碼?Trump-Xi talked on Taiwan chips?

[原著]

[謝鎮寬]於2017-02-15 16:02:46上傳[]

 

川習談台灣籌碼?

自從川普總統於月廿日就職以來,他一直忙著與世界領導人電話外交,二月九日晚上,終於輪到與中國國家主席習近平通電對話。

 

根據白宮事後公告,他們討論了許多話題,川普總統應習近平要求,同意遵循美國的「一中」政策,它要求華府只能與中國對手台灣,維持非官方關係。川普總統指責北京不正當貿易,批評中國在南中國海軍事集結,及指責北京對北韓施壓不力。這次通話被形容為非常親切,而且兩位領導人也相互邀訪。


川普在電話文告中的承諾,正確反映了美國長期來,對中國政策的一貫立場,即基於三個公報」和「台灣關係法,來處理台海事務,那就是:世上只有一個中國,由當今中華人民共和國正式代表,但台灣不是中國的一部分。


然而,中國國營媒體「環球時報」卻說,川普先生已向習近平主席承諾要遵守一中政則,美國在過去幾十年來,一直都承認台灣是中國的一部分。這顯然又是一齣老把戲,中國人總愛玩把認知扭曲為承認。他們把台灣視同中華民國,而中華民國在一九七一年十月廿五日,依聯合國第2758號決議,已被中華人民共和國繼承,因此他們聲稱台灣是中國的一部分。但台灣不是中華民國,中華民國也從未擁有過台灣主權。他們真的該回去學校,好好重新上上現代史課,學習國際法新知。


自二戰結束以來,沒有任何法律文件可以證明中國,不論是中華民國或中華人民共和國,擁有過台灣主權,但他們卻成天叫喊。依國際法,一個國家的主權是從政府轉移到政府。在戰爭期間,日本政府擁有台灣主權沒有人質疑。戰爭結束後,日本於一九五一年九月八日,在舊金山和平條約,宣佈放棄台澎所有權利、權益及主張,並於一九五二年四月廿八日生效。中華民國及中華人民共國,都沒被邀請參加和平會議,也沒有被日本政府授予接手台灣主權。

 

舊金山和平條約明確授權美國軍政府為日本、日本國民,包括福爾摩沙和彭湖群島、現稱為台灣與澎湖的主要佔領權國。美國總統是美國軍事政府的總司令。因此,川普總統是有國際和平條約授權,來處理台灣最終政治地位的法人。


去年十二
月二日,他公開稱呼蔡英文為台灣總統,他也在就職前質疑一中政策。現在他已經宣誓就職為,第四十五任美國總統,他是有權來正式處理,尚未解決的台灣懸案。祈望他能夠儘早明確地,將台灣最終法理地位通告世界各國,尤其是,知會中華人民共和國。

 

媒體則愛唱衰川普,華爾街日報以北京的耐心獲得川普確認一中政策」,習近平也以讚揚川普回心轉意來立論。美國在中國商會前會長齊默曼說,川普先威脅要廢除一中政策,然後收回成命,這向世人證明他就是一隻紙老虎。甚至連衛報頭版也標題報導,「向中國迴轉是川普的最新標誌,他可能會變成一隻紙老虎。」


嘿,這似乎太早來點名誰是紙老虎,並論斷川習通話的影響。讓我們從具體時段的媒體熱度和敏感度來予檢驗。首先,它是發生在川普宣誓就職後地廿天,既不是榜首也不是壓軸,國際排名似乎並不那麼舉足輕重,但卻讓川普有機會向中國人民示好、祝賀元宵節。第二,新聞熱度幾乎不到一天,然後馬上就被日本首相安倍晉三訪問新聞給覆蓋了。第三,通話當天正值川普禁令,被第九巡迴法院否決煩悶時刻,恰好給川普一個喘息的機會。第四,它提醒世人,自二戰結束以來,美國在台灣還有一個未完任務。是的,如果一個政府,能把國際條約授權的任務完成,那這個國家肯定會再次偉大,而且還會贏得全球世人的尊敬。

 

那麼,我們從川習通話學到什麼教訓?它清楚地傳達了兩個信息:第一,美國認同只有一個中國,那就是中華人民共和國。第二,中華人民共和國不擁有台灣,因台灣不是中華民國。這次通話明確地重申了美國的一中政策,它堅實地奠基於三個聯合公報,讓所有中國人致力於把中華人民共和國與中華民國合併為一,而台灣關係法旨在增進台美國正常關係,外加六大保證,讓兩者關係更加緊密聯結。

 

記住,台灣如果不願繼續淪為,談判桌上的代罪羔羊、貢品或籌碼,關鍵即在,認知台灣人不是中國人,台灣不是中華民國。

 

謝鎮寬

加州、海沃

Trump-Xi talked on Taiwan chips?

 

Since President Trump took office on January 20, he has been busy runs-in phone call with world leaders finally it was turn for Chinese President Xi Jinping (習近平) the two spoke by phone on last Thursday evening.

 

According to the White House, they discussed numerous topics and President Trump agreed at Xi’s request of to honor American ‘one China’ policy that requires Washington to maintain only unofficial ties with China's rival Taiwan. President Trump has accused Beijing of unfair trade practices, criticized China's military buildup in the South China Sea and accused Beijing of doing too little to pressure North Korea. The call was described as "extremely cordial" and that the two leaders had invited each other to visit.

 

Trump’scommitment during the phone call was correctly reflecting the US’ long term stance on China policy, it bases on the Three Communiques and the Taiwan Relation Act to deal the issue over Taiwan Strait that there is only one China,it is officially represented by PRC today and Taiwan is not part of China.

 

However, the Chinese state-run Global Times said Mr. Trump committed to President Xi to abide by the 'One China' policy, which was observed by the US for decades, recognizing Taiwan as part of Chinese mainland. It isobviously an old trick that Chinese play all the times to twist acknowledging into recognizing. They took Taiwan as ROC and ROC had been succeeded by PRC under UN Resolution 2758 on October 25, 1971, so they claim Taiwan is part of China. But, Taiwan is not ROC and ROC has never owned Taiwan’s sovereignty. They really need to go back to school to update their knowledge of modern history and international laws.

 

Since the end of WWII, there is no any legal document can prove that China, neither ROC nor PRC owns Taiwan’s sovereignty although they have claimed all days long. As we all know that the sovereignty of a nation istransferred from government to government. During the war, Japanese government owned the sovereignty of Taiwan none questioned it. After war, Japan renouncedall right, title and claim, to Formosa and the Pescadores on September 8, 1951 in the San Francisco Peace Treaty, and effected on April 28, 1952. Neither ROC nor PRC was invited to the Peace Conference and none of them authorized as the recipient of Taiwan sovereignty from Japanese government.

 

The San Francisco Peace Treaty has clearly authorized the United States Military Government as the principal occupying power of Japan and Japanese nationals includes Forma and the Pescadores now known as Taiwan and Pengfu. The President of US is the Commander-in-Chief of USMG. So, President Trump is the legal person authorized by the international peace treaty to handle Taiwan final political status.

 

December2, 2016 he openly greeted Tsai Ing-wen (蔡英文) as the President of Taiwan. He also tweeted his questioning of one China policy at that time beforehis inauguration. Now he had sworn in as the 45th US President. He is entitled to officially handle the issue of Taiwan. Hopefully, he can make it clear of the final legal status of Taiwan to theworld especially PRC.

 

The Wall Street Journal titled “Beijing’s patience pays off with Trump’s reaffirmation of ‘one-China’ policy” and Xi praised Trump’s change of heart. JamesZimmerman, the former head of the American Chamber of Commerce in China saidTrump’s threatening to repudiate the one China policy and then backing downcon firmed to the world that he is a paper tiger. Even the Guardian headlined a piece about the call, “China U-turn is latest sign Trump may turn out to be apaper tiger.

 

Well, it seems too early to name whois a paper tiger and to conclude the impact of Trump-Xi call. Let’s examine from the heat and sensitivity of media in the real time frame. First, it occurred 20 days after Trump’s inauguration, neither the first nor the last, it seems not that important by sequence. But, it was Trump’s warm greeting to Chinese people for the lantern festival. Second, the news impact stayednot even a day then immediately covered by the following official visit of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. Third, it came at the right moment helping Trump to release the regret of his executive order rejected by the 9th Circuit Court. Fourth, it reminds us thereis still an American unfinished business in Taiwan since the end of WWII. Yes, a country will certainly be great again if the government get the job of international treaty assignment done and it certainly will earn worldwide respects.

 

So, what lesson have we learned from Trump-Xi call? It clearly delivered two messages, first, the US agrees there is only one China,it is PRC; second, PRC does not own Taiwan for it is not ROC. This talk didreaffirm the US’s one China policy it relies firmly on the Three Communiqués for all Chinese of PRC and ROC to merge as one and the Taiwan Relation Act for Taiwan and the United States to strengthen the official relationship plus the Six Assurances to enforce the ties between two of them.

 

Remember, if Taiwan wants to stop the repeated tragedy of being a scapegoat, tribute or bargain chips on a negotiating table, the key point is to realize that Taiwanese are not Chinese and Taiwan is not the Republicof China.

 

John Hsieh

Hayward, California

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