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台灣參加世衛大會 A way to WHA

[原著]

[謝鎮寬]於2017-05-11 16:05:56上傳[]

 

台灣參加世衛大會

 

阻礙台灣參與世界衛生大會、世界衛生組織、或聯合國,我們該怪誰?是誰把台灣綁到中國?台灣屬於中國嗎?中國為什麼要年復一年橫行霸道、百般刁難阻攔?台灣還要苦苦哀求多久?台灣有辦法突破困境嗎?且讓我們來把它分析、釐清、說清楚、講明白。

 

台灣自二00九年被馬英九,以中華台北鎖入世界衛生組織後,北京就理所當然地認為台灣歸它所有,但台灣根本不屬於中國,況且國民黨/中華民國已經走路不再代表台灣。台灣必須自尋活路,去參與國際事務。台灣多年在健保與醫療方面的成就耀眼國際,尤其是姑息醫療舉世聞名。不應因政治干擾,而被排除在世界衛生組織及世界衛生大會門外。

 

那上鎖者,當然是最佳解鎖人。有道是解鈴,還是繫鈴人。台灣為何會落入今日的困境,其來必有自;我們從那裡跌倒,就讓我們從那裡站起來。

 

蔣介石於一九四五年九月二日,被第一號軍令授權,軍事佔領台灣,而台灣人國籍,被於一九四六年ㄧ月十二日所發布的行政命令,擅改為中華民國籍。但台灣人可曾拒,或質疑該法令嗎?

 

在戒嚴和白色恐怖時代,台灣人就像今日的北韓人民一樣,噤若寒蟬什麼話都不能。一九九六年之後,台灣人民有權選舉自己的總統和政府,但台灣至今卻仍與中華民國,環環相扣緊密相連。第一屆直選總統李登輝說「中華民國在台灣」,接著陳水扁說「中華民國是台灣」,而馬英九說「台灣屬於中華民國」,蔡英文說「台灣是中華民國」。所有民選總統都把台灣與中華民國十指緊扣葛葛纏,它的憲法至今仍還聲稱,擁有中國與蒙古兩國的領土。但事實上,它只不過是一個褪色的中國流亡政權,卻誇口擁有中國。難怪中華人民共和國,無論何時何地,只要台灣頂著中華民國頭銜,企圖闖進國際社會,就一再地死命打擊、限制和阻攔。

 

台灣為何死纏中華民國不放,難道中華民國擁有台灣的主權嗎?台灣當前在國際法上的地位真相如何?中華民國外交部正式官網上,列有三篇說帖。這可是中華民國政府主張,擁有台灣主權的法源官版聲明。現在就讓我們來逐一予以檢視,看看它是否真金不怕火煉,經得起考驗站得住腳。

 

二0一0年三月廿三日發布的第一篇文章:「台灣的國際法地位」說帖。二0一一年九月廿八日發布的第二篇文章:異哉所謂「台灣法律地位未定論」:請勿自我矮化國格。二0一五年八月廿七日發布的第三篇文章:「關於台灣主權未定論」之答客問。問題一:中華民國政府收復臺澎地區之主權,是否係依據戰後盟軍之接收命令從事之軍事占領,並未擁有國際法之論據基礎?問題二:一九五0年美國政府宣布臺灣海峽中立化後,中華民國政府是否未予反對、同意或默認臺灣主權未定之看法?問題三:目前國際間對臺灣地位未定論之一般看法為何?

 

外交部說,中華民國政府並非根據麥克阿瑟將軍,所發布之第一號軍令才軍事佔領台灣。而係依據一九四三年十二月之《開羅宣言》(內稱「日本竊取於中國之領土,例如東北四省、臺灣、澎湖群島等,歸還中華民國」)、一九四五年七月之《波茨坦公告》(第八條:開羅宣言之條件必須實施)及一九四五年九月之《日本降伏文書》(第一段及第六段)等一系列由中、英、美、蘇、日等國元首或全權代表分別宣示或簽訂。

 

它們都是具有國際法效力之法律文書。此三項法律文件彼此聯結,已成一體,並經中、美、日三國收入其條約或國際協定之彙編,《日本降伏文書》亦經《聯合國條約集》收入其中,至少對中、美、日三國皆有拘束力。中華民國收復對臺澎地區之主權一節、並獲ㄧ九五一年《舊金山和約》授權締結之一九五二年《中日和約》之再確認,殆無疑義。總之,中華民國係收復日本透過侵略與不平等條約取得之領土,並非掠奪外國領土,兩者情形完全不同,不發生軍事占領問題。

 

這簡直就在講肖話,真是荒謬、荒唐和不可思宜。沒錯,羅斯福總統、丘吉爾首相和蔣介石,於一九四三年十一月廿六日在開羅舉行會議,討論對後續日本軍事行動的策略構想,如何給予約束和制裁。他們一致同意,不貪圖私利,也不擴張領土。蔣介石確曾於會中提出,要求日本從中國竊取之領土,如滿洲、台灣和澎湖歸還給中華民國,但沒有人同意。因為會議目的,旨在解放日本自一九一四年第一次世界大戰以來,在太平洋上佔領的所有島嶼。會議最後無疾而終,沒有簽署任何協議,只留下新聞公報,由開羅電台於一九四三年十二月ㄧ日廣播。

 

波茨坦會議有前後兩會,第一部分是由蘇聯、美國和英國開會,針對歐洲戰場落幕後,同意處理德國事宜,簽署的波茨坦協議。第二部分是由丘吉爾、杜魯門和蔣介石,同意在戰後該如何處理,太平洋戰區日本事宜的波茨坦宣言,蔣介石根本就沒有出席這次會議,只是在一九四五年七月廿六日以電報確認。重點所在、波茨坦宣言第八條:開羅宣言針對日本主權,只能極限於本州、北海道、九州、四國,以及由我們盟邦所核定小島的條款,應被執行。

 

「降伏文書」第一段提到,日本接受一九四五年七月廿六日,由美國、中國和英國政府元首,在波茨坦發表的聲明條款規定。第六段提到,日本政府承諾,真誠執行波茨坦宣言的規定。

 

「開羅宣言」之所以被重視的唯一原因,是因它在「波茨坦宣言」第八條中被提及,其旨在界定日本未來領土的範圍,而不是授權將台灣主權轉交給中華民國,門都沒有。

 

舊金山「和平條約」第二條第二款提到,日本放棄對台澎的所有權利、權益和主張,沒有指定主權收受國,但第二十三條授權美國軍事政府為主要佔領權國,第十條宣布放棄對中國的一切權利和權益,回溯到一九0ㄧ年七月七日,在北京簽署辛丑條約規定生的利益和特權,與一八九五年四月十七日,大清皇帝簽署把台灣主權,永久完全割讓給日本的「馬關條約」無關。

 

中日和約實為台北條約,係於一九五二年四月廿日在台北簽署,一九五二年八月五日生效。第二條明確指出:日本遵奉ㄧ九五一年九月八日,在舊金山市簽署的「和平條約」第二條,日本已放棄對台灣和澎湖的所有權利、權益和主張。第十條指明中華民國國民,應被視同包括所有台澎住民,和前住民。這意味著如果沒有台澎住民,中華民國國民將空蕩無人。

 

真可悲台灣人民,七十多年來被流亡政府,以虛幻國家中華民國洗腦。每當台灣與中華民國聯結在一起時,它就自動邀請中國來無理迫害和侮辱。台灣高舉中華民國,注定是死路一條。我們能阻止它嗎?當然能,只要我們下決心擺脫中華民國,台灣真的跟它毫無瓜葛。是的,只要我們自己能定位,台灣不是中華民國,也不是中華台北。

 

如果台灣真的想參與世界衛生大會,如果我們真的想被接納成為國際社會的一員,就必須先確定自己是台灣,不是中華民國,然後大聲宣告並訴諸行動。第二十九屆夏季世界大學運動會,將於八月十九日至三十日在台北舉行,讓我們向世界宣告我們是台灣,不是中華民國,也不是中華台北,根本不屬於中國。我們不能一面自稱中華民國、等於中國,另一面卻要別人來稱呼我們為台灣。那根本沒有道理、毫無意義,也行不通。

 

當然,台灣必須自行突破、自我救濟,條條道路通羅馬,台灣通往世衛大會的康莊大道,是經東京或華府,而不是北京。

 

謝鎮寬

加州、海沃

A way to WHA

 

Who shall we blame for Taiwan being repeated blocked from entering to WHA, WHO orUN? Who tied Taiwan to China? Does Taiwan belong to China? Why did China block it year after year? How long shall Taiwan wait for the mercy? Is there a wayfor Taiwan to break it? Let’s figure it out.

 

Since 2009 Ma Ying-jeou’s government locked Taiwan into WHO under the name of Chinese Taipei, Beijing took Taiwan as part of China for granted. But, Taiwan is not part of China and KMT/ROC is no longer represents Taiwan. Taiwan must figure out a wayto attend the international communities. Taiwan has provided a remarkable servicein healthcare and medicine earned good reputation in palliative care should not be excluded from WHA and WHO for political reasons.

 

Who knows to untie the tie must be the one who tied it. Let him who tied the bellon the tiger take it off. There must be a reason that trapped Taiwan into today’s difficulty; let’s stand up from where we failed.  

 

ChiangKai-shek (蔣介石) was authorized to military occupyTaiwan by General Order No.1 on 2 September 1945 and Taiwanese nationality was illegally changed to Chinese of ROC by the executive orderissued on 12 January 1946. Have Taiwanese ever rejected or challenged that decree?

 

Under the martial law and white terror era, Taiwanese just like what North Korean people today won’t be able to say anything. After 1996 Taiwan people had powerto elect their own presidents and governments, but Taiwan is still tightly tied with ROC today. The first direct voted president Lee Teng-hui(李登輝)said “ROC on Taiwan”, then Chen Shui-bian(陳水扁)said“ROC is Taiwan”, Ma Ying-jeou(馬英九)said “ROC owns Taiwan”, Tsai Ing-wen(蔡英文)said “Taiwan is ROC”. All the elected presidents have tied Taiwan to ROC and its constitution still claims owning the territory of China and Mongolia. But as a matter of fact, it is only a faded Chinese exiled government. No wonder PRC will restrict and block Taiwan wherever and whenever attempt to enter the international community, because Taiwan names itself ROC. 

 

Has ROC ever owned the sovereignty of Taiwan? What is Taiwan’s legal status ininternational law today? There are three articles posted on the webpage of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of ROC (Taiwan). They are the official statements of ROC government claiming the sovereignty of Taiwan. Now, let’s examine it one by one to see whether it is a pure gold can stand on fire.

 

The first article released on 23 March 2010, titled with: The policy post of Taiwanstatus under international law. The second article released on 28 September2011 titled with: Funny statement of the so-called Taiwan’s legal status is notyet determined, don’t self-dwarf national character.

 

The third article released on 27 August 2015 under the subject title: Questions and Answers about “Taiwan’s Sovereignty”. Question 1: Is the sovereignty of Taiwanrecovered by the ROC government on the basis of the allies’ order of militaryoccupation without the legal basis of international law? Question 2: Did ROC government oppose, agree or default the ambiguity of Taiwan sovereignty afterthe US government announced the neutralization of Taiwan Strait? Question 3: What is the general view of the current international situation of Taiwan’s undeclared status?

 

MOF said ROC recovered the sovereignty of Taiwan and Penghu not by militaryoccupation under the General Order No.1 of General Douglas MacArthur, but by the legal international documents, such as the Cairo Declaration of December1943 (hereinafter referred to the stolen territory by Japan, such as the four northeastern provinces, Taiwan and the Penghu Islands must return to ROC); the Potsdam Declaration of July 1945 (Article 8: the conditions of Cairo Declaration shallbe implemented); the Japanese Instrument of Surrender (paragraph 1 andparagraph 6) of September 1945, and so on, were declared or signed by the headsof State or the Plenipotentiaries of China, Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union and Japan respectively.

 

They are legal instruments of international law. The three are connected with each other and formed an integrated conclusion that ROC owned Taiwan’s sovereignty at least with binding power to China, the US and Japan. The reaffirmation of the Taipei Treaty of 1952, which was authorized the San Francisco Peace Treaty concluded that ROC on the sovereignty of Taiwan, was almost unquestionable. In short, the ROC recovered lost territory unlawfully taken by Japan through the aggression and unequal treaties, notplundered foreign territory. The situation is totally different it is not military occupation.

 

Well, what a story. It is simply ridiculous, outrageous and amazing. Yes, President FranklinRoosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Generalissimo CKS did meet inCairo on 26 November 1943 to exchange ideas of future military operations against Japan to restrain and punish Japan with general consent of no gain for themselves and have no thought of territorial expansion. CKS did ask all the territories Japan had stolen from the Chinese, such as Manchria, Formosa andthe Pescadores should be restored to ROC, but none agree. For the purpose of conference was Japan shall be stripped of all the islands in the Pacific, which she has seized or occupied since the beginning of WWI in 1914. The conference ended up with failure without any signed agreement but a news communiqué broadcasted through Cairo radio on 1 December 1943.

 

There were two parts of meeting in Potsdam Conference, first part dealing with German for the European Theater concluded by Potsdam Agreement agreed by the USSR, USA and UK; and second with Japan for the Pacific Theater concluded by Potsdam Declaration agreed by Churchchill, Truman and CKS, he did not attended the meeting butconfirmed by cable on July 26, 1945. Article 8 of Potsdam Declaration: The terms of the Cairo Declaration shall be carried out and Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku and such minor islands as we determine.

 

The Instrument of Surrender, first paragraph mentioned Japan accepted the provisions set forth inthe declaration issued by the heads of the governments of the US, China and Great Britain on 26 July 1945 at Potsdam; sixth paragraph Japan government committed to carry out the provisions of the Potsdam Declaration in good faith. 

 

The only reason theCairo Declaration became notice because the Potsdam Declaration mentioned it in Article 8. It was laying out what Japan’s future territory should be not mentioned transferring Taiwan’s sovereignty to ROC. 

 

Article 2.b of San Francisco Peace Treaty said Japan renounces all right, title and claim toFormosa and the Pescadores without mentioning the recipient of sovereignty but authorizes USMG as the principal occupying power in Article 23, renounces allrights and interest in China including all benefits and privileges resulting from the provisions of the final Protocol signed at Peiking on 7 September1901, nothing to do the Shimonoseki Treaty signed by the Qing Emperor ceded Taiwan to Japan in perpetuity and full sovereignty on 17 April 1895.

 

Treaty of Taipei was signed at Taipei on 28 April 1952 and entered into force on 5 August 1952. Article 2 clearly indicated “it is recognized that under Article 2o f the Treaty of Peace which Japan signed at the city of San Francisco on 8 September 1951, Japan has renounced all right, title, and claim to Taiwan and Penghu. Article 10, nationals of the ROC shall be deemed to include all the inhabitants and former inhabitants of Taiwan and Penghu. Which means without the inhabitants of Taiwan and Penghu the ROC national is nobody.

 

What a shame that Taiwan people have been brainwashed over seven decades under an exiledgovernment carrying an illusion nation ROC. Whenever Taiwan tied to ROC it automatically invite PRC’s unreasonable suppress and insult. ROC is a dead endstreet for Taiwan to the international community. Can we stop it? Yes, we can once we have decided to get rid of ROC for it really has nothing to withTaiwan. Yes, we can once we are ready to identify ourselves as Taiwan not ROC, not Chinese Taipei.

 

If Taiwan really wantsto enter WHA, if we really want to be accepted as a member in the internationalcommunity, identify ourselves as Taiwan first, then voice out loudly and takein action. The 29th Summer Universiade will be held from Aug. 19 to 30 in Taipei, let’s tell the world weare Taiwan, not ROC nor Chinese Taipei. We can’t one hand call ourselves ROCand the other hand want the others call us Taiwan. It does not make sense atall and won’t work.

 

Well, Taiwan must figure out a solution by itself and all roads lead to Rome. There are ways for Taiwan to attend WHA, the right way is via Tokyo or Washington DC, but Beijingis absolutely the wrong way.

 

John Hsieh

Hayward, California

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