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  首頁 > 影音網>從門羅到台北法案 From Monroe to TAIPEI act
從門羅到台北法案 From Monroe to TAIPEI act

[轉載自:台北時報]

[謝鎮寬]於2018-09-13 17:09:17上傳[]

 



從門羅到台北法案

九月七日,美國國務院宣布,美國駐多明尼加共和國大使伯恩斯坦、美國駐薩爾瓦多大使曼恩斯和美國駐巴拿馬臨時代辦康諾珊,將回華府與美國政府領導人會面,討論美國如何能在中美洲和加勒比海地區,強力支持獨立、民主機制與經濟。

 

為什麼這些大使會被國務院傳喚?

 

召回大使通常指事態嚴重,該地區肯定發生一些重大事件。薩爾瓦多今年八月、多明尼加共和國五月及巴拿馬於去年夏天,分別與台灣斷交,他們都把政治認同轉向承認中國。

 

依據美國的一中政策,中華人民共和國是被公認為中國的唯一官方代表。因此,與中華民國斷交並不是美國所關心的。

 

華府真正令人擔心的是,現在中國已涉足加勒比海和中美洲。這無疑引起了美國,對中國在拉美的擴權深感憂慮。

 

一八二三年十二月二日,時任美國總統門羅宣布,美國承認而且不干預現有的歐洲殖民地,也不干涉歐洲國家的內部事務,但歐洲國家如果進一步,試圖控制北美洲或南美洲的任何獨立國家,都將被視為對美國不友好傾向的表現。

 

一九六二年,美國總統甘迺迪引用門羅主義,作為美國與蘇聯在古巴土地上,安裝蘇聯彈道導彈的對抗依據。

 

最終所有進攻型導彈,都從古巴撤離。

 

現在中國野心勃勃地踏入中美洲和加勒比海地區,當然它引起了美國的關注,並召回了這些地區的大使。

 

美國倡議保護提升台灣國際盟邦的跨黨派法案,是由共和黨參議員賈德納和盧比歐,及民主黨參議員馬季和孟南德茲聯手提出,其旨在加強台灣的國際地位。

 

「台北法案」要求美國拿出與世界各國的交往策略來支持台灣的外交承認或強化非官方關係;

 

法案還授權國務院調降對台灣採取敵對行動政府的關係,擱置或改變美國的外援,包括軍事援助在內。

 

因此,台灣的外交承認、經濟、貿易和安全都是美國關注的議題。台灣應該以台灣的名義,積極向世界宣傳。

 

中國對台灣生存的任何威脅,都會引起美國關注,因為在美國的一中政策下,台灣不是中國的一部份。

 

美國的全球政策,從門羅主義到台灣關係法、台灣旅遊法和台北法案,始終如一。

 

他們都在幫台灣站穩腳步,建構強大的國際聯盟,增進和保護台灣的安全和身份。

 

謝鎮寬

加州、海沃

 

 

http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/editorials/archives/2018/09/14/2003700374

TAIPEI TIMES
Home / Editorials
Fri, Sep 14, 2018 - Page 8 

[ LETTERS ]

From Monroe to TAIPEI act

 

On Friday last week, the US Department of State announced that Ambassador to the Dominican Republic Robin Bernstein, Ambassador to El Salvador Jean Manes and Charge d’Affaires in Panama Roxanne Cabral were to return to Washington to meet with US leaders and discuss ways in which Washington can support strong, independent, democratic institutions and economies throughout Central America and the Caribbean.

Why were these ambassadors summoned by the State Department?

The recall of an ambassador usually signifies that the situation is serious. Some major events must have happened in the region. El Salvador cut ties with Taiwan last month, the Dominican Republic inMay and Panama in June last year, and all three switched diplomatic recognition to China.

According to the US’ “one China” policy, the People’s Republic of China is recognized as the sole official representative of China. So, the severance of relations with the Republic of China is not what concerns the US.

Washington’s real concern is that China isstepping into the Caribbean and Central America, sparking deep concern in Washington over Beijing’s expanding influence in Latin America.

On Dec. 2, 1823, then-US president James Monroe declared that the US would recognize and not interfere with existing European colonies, nor meddle in the internal concerns of European countries, butfurther efforts by European nations to take control of any independent state in North or South America would be viewed as the manifestation of an unfriendly disposition toward the US.

In 1962, then-US president John F. Kennedy cited the Monroe Doctrine as grounds for the US’ confrontation with the Soviet Unionover the installation of Soviet ballistic missiles on Cuban soil.

It ended with all offensive missiles being withdrawn from Cuba.

Now that China is aggressively moving into Central America and the Caribbean, it has, of course, caused concern in the US, prompting it to consult its ambassadors.

The US’ Taiwan Allies International Protectionand Enhancement Initiative (TAIPEI), a bipartisan legislative proposal introduced on Monday last week by Republican senators Cory Gardner and Marco Rubio, and Democratic senators Ed Markey and Bob Menendez, is intended tostrengthen Taiwan’s standing in the world.

The TAIPEI act would require a US strategy toengage with governments around the world to support diplomatic recognition of or strengthen unofficial relations with Taiwan.

It would authorize the State Department to downgrade US relations with any government that takes adverse actions againstTaiwan, including suspending or altering foreign assistance, such as military financing.

So, Taiwan’s diplomatic recognition, economics,trade and security are the concerns of the US. Taiwan should reach out to theworld in the name of Taiwan.

Any threat from China to the existence of Taiwan would concern the US, because Taiwan is not part of China under the US’ “one China” policy.

The US has been very consistent on its global policy — from the Monroe Doctrine to the Taiwan Relations Act, the TaiwanTravel Act and now the proposed TAIPEI act.

They all help Taiwan to stand firmly in the world and to build a strong international alliance that enhances and protects Taiwan’s security and identity.

John Hsieh

Hayward, California

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