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  首頁 > 影音網>台灣歷史新課綱 Taiwan history new curriculum
台灣歷史新課綱 Taiwan history new curriculum

[轉載自:民報]

[謝鎮寬]於2019-07-31 18:07:51上傳[]

 




台灣歷史新課綱

前總統馬英九於七月廿七日去成大參加一場學術研討會,會中他公開批評新版高中歷史課綱編輯台灣主權未定論,他說教科書不能寫台灣地位未定,這違反中日和約,中華民國主權早就確定,中華民國對於台灣的主權也毋庸置疑。他呼籲當前的執政者捍衛主權的同時,不要否定自己國家主權的正當性。

馬說,即使沒有任何人署名,開羅宣言卻是二戰時三巨頭最重要的宣言,效力等同條約,其中就主張日本竊取自中華民國領土,諸如東北四省、台澎都應歸還中華民國,而開羅宣言的條款,也事後文字記載於波茨坦宣言的第八條,要求開羅宣言必須執行。他進一步提到,日本降書在第一與第六段都有提到波茨坦宣言,這也就是說開羅宣言、波茨坦宣言與日本降書是三位一體。

他還說,中日在台北賓館簽的中日和平條約,日本同意放棄台澎主權,承認馬關條約因戰爭歸於無效,台澎人民具中華民國國籍,而條約照會第一號也指明,條約各款適用中華民國控制下的全部領土。

馬英九對台灣歷史一無所知。

然而,令馬遺憾的是,他所陳述皆非事實、也不準確。顯然,馬對台灣的真實歷史一無所知。現在就讓我們來詮釋,馬英九所不知的台灣歷史,讓他好好上一課。

首先,開羅會議沒有共識、所以沒人簽署。

1943年二次大戰三巨頭在開羅會議時他們並沒有達成普遍共識,這正是為什麼沒有任何人簽名給予背書的原因。沒錯,蔣介石確曾提出要求擁有台灣和澎湖,但它們都不是日本在二次大戰中所掠奪的領土,而且所有盟國都承諾在戰後不擴張任何領土,所以台灣澎湖的領土主權從未轉交給中華民國。

第二,波茨坦會議旨在處理歐洲戰場善後事宜、台澎根本未列入討論。

蔣介石沒有出席波茨坦會議,所以在議程中根本就沒有提到台灣和澎湖。波茨坦宣言第八條:「開羅宣言之條款應當執行,日本主權應局限於本州、北海道、九州、四國及吾人所確定之其他小島嶼。」旨在規劃戰後日本領土範圍的準則。

第三,不平等條約只回溯到1901年的辛丑條約,未觸及1895年的馬關條約。

根據舊金山和平條約第10條,日本放棄了在中國的所有特殊權益,包括1901年9月7日在北京簽署的最終議定書、辛丑條約規定的所有利益和特權。所謂的不平等條約,只追溯到1901年,根本沒有觸及1895年的馬關條約。

第四,強迫台灣人民歸屬中華民國,剝削國籍自由選擇權,不被國際法認同。

台北條約即俗稱的日華和約,是日本和中華民國,在舊金山和平條約第26條授權下,正式終結在中國戰區戰爭,所簽署的雙邊條約。第10條規定「中華民國國民應被視為,包括全體台灣和澎湖現有居民、前住民及其後裔....」。所以台灣人民在台北條約的規範下,被視同中華民國國民,但該條約已於1972年9月29日被廢除。因此,根據美國聯邦法院哥倫比亞地區法官Rosemary Collyer判決,台灣人民今天是無國籍人士。

第五,日本從未把台灣主權交給中華民國,ROC根本不擁有台灣主權。

舊金山和平條約第2b條,日本放棄對台灣及澎湖的所有權力、產權和主張;第23條授權美國為台灣主要佔領國。日本從未將台灣和澎湖的主權,轉交給中華民國,因為在1952年時,它已淪落為一個流亡政府。

馬對台灣的歷史一無所知,但他卻滿口胡說、不懂裝懂、毋知假知,真是有夠扯,像文盲和小丑一樣懵懂。好吧,讓我們有話直說。台灣人民當然有權力來解讀,台灣真實而正確的歷史。我們都要用心來學習新的高中歷史課綱。希望它能讓我們確實知道,我們究竟是誰,台灣人還是中國人?以及台灣最終法理政治地位。

謝鎮寬
加州、海沃
https://www.peoplenews.tw/news/fb76d598-8c6c-40f1-9999-8f7ccd3b6ca0
【專文】台灣歷史新課綱 

Taiwan history new curriculum

Former President Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九) attended an academic seminar held in National ChengChi University (政大) on July 27. He publicly criticized the new version of high school history curriculum has Taiwan sovereignty undecided, it was driven by Tsai’s government denied the legitimacy of its national sovereignty. He said a governor should defend sovereignty not to deny it.

Ma said even there was not any signature on the Cairo Declaration but it was the most important announcement declared by the big three of WWII, the effect was equal to a treaty, it claimed all territories such as the four northeastern provinces, Taiwan and Pescadores should be returned to ROC. The text of the declaration written in Article 8 of the Potsdam Declaration required to be implemented. He further pointed out that the first and sixth paragraphs of the Japanese Instrument of Surrender mentioned the Potsdam Declaration, which means that the Cairo Declaration, the Potsdam Declaration and the Japanese Instrument of surrender are trinity.

Also, he said the Sino-Japanese peace treaty signed by ROC and Japan at the Taipei Hotel. Japan agreed to abandon Taiwan’s sovereignty and recognized the Shimonoseki Treaty became void null because of the war. The Taiwanese people have the nationality of ROC. The various provisions of this treaty apply to all territories control by ROC.

Ma knows nothing of Taiwan History.

Unfortunately, none of his statement is fact and accurate. Obviously, Ma knows nothing of the true history of Taiwan. Let’s point it out one by one, hopefully he can catch up.

First, there was not any general consensus in the Cairo Conference, so no signature to endorse it.

1943 the big three did not reach general consensus for their meeting in Cairo that’s why no any signature to endorse it. Yes, CKS (蔣介石) did ask to retrieve Taiwan and Penghu but they were not the territories Japan ravened in WWII and all allies had promised not to expand any territory after war.

Second, the Potsdam Conference was for the peace treaty of European Theater, CKS was absent.

CKS did not attend the Potsdam Conference, Taiwan and the Pescadores were not mentioned in the meeting at all. The Article 8, “The terms of the Cairo Declaration shall be carried out and Japanese sovereignty shall be limited to the islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, Shikoku and such minor islands as we determine” is the guideline limitation of Japan’s territory after war.

Third, all unequal treaties were retroacted back to 1901, not 1895.

Under the Article 10 of the San Francisco Peace Treaty, Japan renounced all special rights and interests in China, including all benefits and privileges resulting from the provisions of the final Protocol signed at Peking on 7 September 1901. All so called the unequal treaties only retroacted back to 1901 not the Shimonoseki Treaty in 1895.

Fourth, Taiwanese were deprived free choice of nationality, it was a war crime.

The Taipei Treaty aka Sino-Japanese Treaty was a bilateral treaty signed by Japan and ROC to end the war in China theater under the authorization of SFPT Article 26. Article 10 stipulates “nationals of the ROC shall be deemed to include all the inhabitants and former inhabitants of Taiwan and Penghu and their descendants…” So Taiwan people were deemed and included as ROC nationals at the presence of Taipei Treaty, but it was abrogated on September 29, 1972. So, Taiwanese are stateless people today according to the US Federal Court District Judge Rosemary Collyer.

Fifth, Japan has never transferred Taiwan sovereignty to ROC.

The SFPT Article 2b, Japan renounces all right, title and claim to Formosa and the Pescadores and Article 23, the US as the principal occupying power. Japan has never transferred the sovereignty of Taiwan and Penghu to ROC at all for in 1952 it was an exiled government already.

It is really awkward that Ma knows nothing of Taiwan history but attempted he does. What a shame just like an illiterate and buffoon. Well, let’s get it straight. Taiwan people are entitled to read the true and correct history of Taiwan. We all need to learn the new high school history curriculum. Hope it will enlighten us to know who we are and the real identification of Taiwan’s final political status.

John Hsieh
Hayward, California

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