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  首頁 > 影音網>黑鷹喚起台灣魂 Black hawk evokes Taiwan soul
黑鷹喚起台灣魂 Black hawk evokes Taiwan soul

[原著]

[謝鎮寬]於2020-01-10 22:01:01上傳[]

 




黑鷹喚起台灣魂

黑鷹失事

一月二日上午7點55分,一架編號933 空軍UH-60H黑鷹直升機,從台北松山機場起飛,預計前往宜蘭東澳營區執行春節慰勉行程,8點07分該機光點在距中正港328.7度17浬處消失,前後只飛行12分鐘。失事前飛行員最後一次通聯報告說,當時回報能見度7哩,雲高3000呎至5000呎,符合進場標準。

10點30分軍聞社記者陳映竹用手機回報,被飛機殘骸壓住。下午2點01分搜救隊回報,出事點在烏來、礁溪交界山區烘爐地山,機上有作計室處長劉孝堂少將、後次室次長黃佑民中將、通次室次長曹進平中將、作計室參謀周欣頤中校、軍聞社新聞官陳映竹等5人生還;但參謀總長沈一鳴上將、政戰局副局長于親文少將、參謀情次室助次洪鴻鈞少將、正駕駛葉建儀中校、參謀黃聖航少校、副駕駛劉鎮富上尉、總士督長韓正宏士官長、機工長許鴻彬士官長等8人不幸罹難。

總長罹難

UH-60「黑鷹」直升機,是美國西科斯基飛機公司生產的一種中型通用及攻擊直升機。可以完成多種不同任務,包括:戰術人員運輸、電子戰和空中救援,幾架VH-60N黑鷹甚至作為美國總統座機海軍陸戰隊一號(也稱做VH-60白鷹)使用。黑鷹上裝備有先進的航空電子系統(如全球定位系統),以增強它的戰地生存能力和性能。根據失事殘存飛行資料紀錄器FDR(黑盒子)初步解讀,目前雖然能80%排除機械的因素,但還是有20%的機率;天氣部分從黑盒子的內容來看,看不出有亂流的跡象,也可以80%到90%排除下沉氣流的機率。至於有沒有可能是人為因素,運安會官員說,這部分還需進一步分析,才會知道有沒有人為因素。

在這次失事中不幸罹難身亡的參謀總長沈一鳴上將,畢業於空軍官校68年班。1990年代,法國出售幻象2000戰鬥機給台灣,沈一鳴就是第一批赴法換裝種子教官的領隊。在此之前,他也在清泉崗基地的測評隊,擔任經國號戰機的戰術開發任務。另外還曾赴美試飛F-16,國軍現役三種戰機的換裝初期,沈一鳴都有參與,創下空軍的空前紀錄。1979至1990年間,應友邦沙烏地阿拉伯王國邀請,參與極機密的「大漠計畫」,以沙國名義,軍援與台灣無邦交的北葉門共和國,沈是國軍現役唯一曾參與大漠計畫的將官。

美台追悼

黑鷹失事後第一時間,朝野兩大陣容即刻宣佈,民進黨總統候選人蔡英文自即日起停止一切競選活動三天,於一月5日恢復選戰活動。國民黨總統候選人韓國瑜也宣佈休兵兩天,於一月四日在台南展開造勢活動。韓國瑜本人更於一月5日,在桃園造勢場合上氣急敗壞地說,「幾十年中華民國建軍史也沒有發生過,最高軍官參謀總長、最大的士官總士官督導長一口氣罹難,我們的國運也不昌隆,到底怎麼回事?台灣到底是得罪誰?台灣是中邪了嗎?」韓顯然是對在空難中,罹難或受創者傷口抹鹽。蔡英文於一月6日在進行全台車隊大掃街出發前,針對韓國瑜的「中邪」說指出,黑鷹事故讓國人非常哀傷,這個時刻做這樣的政治消費,「真的是失格」,這樣說法對殉職的將士大不敬,對還在養傷的將領士官也是一個傷害,韓國瑜應該要道歉。

與台灣軍方及防務界關係深厚的美台商業協會會長韓儒伯說,沈一鳴是一位善良和睿智軍人,為人謙卑,在台灣軍方及文人領導層都受到相當敬重,也在美國建立了強大的專業網絡,尤其是他在擔任國防部軍政部副部長任內,強化他作為一股不可或缺的聲音的重要性。失去沈一鳴上將,對台灣正以決心對抗中華人民共和國,為終結台灣自由民主社會的侵略性和脅迫性作為是一個沉重的打擊。該協會所有成員及「整個美國防務界」都對此一悲劇性事件感到哀傷,在哀悼那些失去生命的人之餘,也希望5位傷者能盡快復原。

美降半旗

美國在台協會於事發當天發布聲明哀悼,並於一月3日在內湖新館降半旗致哀;美國參謀首長聯席會議主席米利也發表聲明、「謹代表美國軍方同袍,向台灣參謀總長沈一鳴等8名罹難者表示哀悼」。他推崇沈一鳴、「沈將軍是卓越的領袖,也是台灣防務和區域安全的支持者,他將永遠被世人懷念。我們感謝他無私的奉獻,並珍惜與台灣的友誼和強勁的防務關係」。AIT處長酈英傑於致哀聲明中說,「美國在台協會已準備好,隨時就此一事件為台灣提供協助。」

美國官方降半旗的日子分為幾種情況:一,為紀念在戰爭中殉職的戰士和平民,比如美國陣亡將士紀念日(5月最後一個星期一)、愛國者日(每年9月11日)、和平官員陣亡將士紀念日(5月15日)、珍珠港紀念日(12月7日)等。 二,紀念總統等高級別領導人,比如總統或前任總統辭世後的30天,副總統、現任或前任最高法院首席大法官、眾議院議長辭世後的10天,最高法院大法官、行政或軍事部門部長、前任副總統以及某州、美國某部分領土的管理者辭世當日起至下葬期間,美國將降半旗。 此外,每當州政府現任或前任官員逝世,該州州長可以下令降半旗以示尊重及悼念。 三,總統和州長有權為某人的去世和某個特殊事件下令降半旗。AIT這次為向黑鷹罹難軍官致哀而降半旗,有人溺己溺、感同身受的牽掛其意義深遠,讓台灣人民倍感溫馨。

美國重申堅守承諾

然而,親民黨總統參選人宋楚瑜,卻對美國在台協會的降半旗致哀提出質疑,他表示,美國政府很少可以降半旗。是不是有什麼原因?連中華民國全國都沒有降半旗,只有軍方降半旗,你不覺得很奇怪嗎?他強烈質疑,到底美方是飛機賣給我們不對?還是我們訓練不對?我們全民是不是有責任應該知道?如果他是中華民國的總指揮官,會注意將領的生命是很重要,士兵生命也很重要,也要知道這個武器裝備,到底是不是買賣什麼東西,講不好聽,為什麼會連續發生意外?做一位大總指揮應負的責任,就是知道我們還有很多裝備到底安不安全?是不是應該要去問?

針對宋對美降半旗的質疑,我們可以理解,因為一般人是無此殊榮,而沈總長確實是我們所知近年來,唯一被美國政府所肯定的台灣殉職將領。美國在台協會說「這些不幸喪生的好朋友與曾經共事的夥伴,將會常留在我們的心中。我們希望,我們對支持台灣安全的堅定承諾,可以榮耀他們曾經留下的回憶。」酈英傑處長強調:「能有機會和沈將軍共事,一同促進美台安全關係,我感到非常榮幸。他是一位具有睿智見解、高度幽默感、且備受愛戴的領導者、同事和好友。我會非常懷念他。」

誓死戰到一兵一卒

疾風知勁草、板蕩識忠貞;患難見真情、事久見人心。黑鷹空難是台灣社會舉國同悲的創痛,是台灣人民心中難以抹平的傷痕。然而痛定思痛,讓我們在緬懷沈總長等殉難的優秀軍官,我們更應該秉承其遺志,誓死守護台灣、保衛家園,當面對中國張牙舞爪、隨時準備入侵時,我們要效法沈總長壯志,台灣會誓死戰到最後一兵一卒。

然而,同樣是領餉台灣人民納稅錢的吳斯懷退將們,卻到中國聽習近平訓話,帶頭在台灣社會興風作浪。邱毅們宣揚讓中國武力統一台灣,說不要再問和統好、還是武統好,應該在和統、武統中找到平衡點,就是以武統開始、以和統結束,用武統的壓力逼迫,以和統的作秀完成。無奈,吳斯懷、邱毅卻都被提名不分區立委,一旦他們進入國會殿堂,相信其首要目標就是撕毀那甫剛通過的反滲透法。

五眼聯盟反滲透

有人說,台灣刑法早已對內亂外犯罪有所規範,第103條:通謀外國或其派遣之人,意圖使該國或他國對於中華民國開戰端者,處死刑或無期徒刑。前項之未遂犯罰之。預備或陰謀犯第一項之罪者,處三年以上十年以下有期徒刑。第104條:通謀外國或其派遣之人,意圖使中華民國領域屬於該國或他國者,處死刑或無期徒刑。所以反滲透法的通過,是多此一舉。呂秀蓮甚至指責,在蔡英文主政下,民進黨的黨國威權顯然已經復辟,讓人覺得總統有權無責,連立法院都監督不了,都要看總統臉色,「哪天通過什麼法律也都聽總統命令,如此乖乖照單全收,還需要立法院嗎?」

真的如呂所言、是這樣嗎?反滲透法的制定,是有效地呼應五眼聯盟的國家安全保護體系,台灣只有一個,必須要有維護台灣主權、民主、安全的立法。看看那原擬進軍中國大陸市場的網路知識平台「大師鏈」,在立法院三讀通過反滲透法後,即刻在官網發布聲明稱,對台灣當局罔顧民意通過「反滲透法」極感失望,決定放棄台灣市場,結束台灣業務。金門模範街的五星旗,也在反滲透法通過後連夜消失。澳洲媒體適時揭穿,蔡正元與孫天群聯手策劃威脅、利誘澳洲共諜王立強的算計。這些都是反滲透法通過後,立竿見影的效果,而刑法雖存在多年卻無法防範。

票選台灣守護台灣

反滲透法之不同於刑法第103、104條,其旨主要在規範境外敵對勢力滲透干預,台灣的自由民主憲政秩序。境外敵對勢力,明指與我國交戰或武力對峙的國家〈當然是指中華人民共同國〉、政治實體或團體〈意指中國共產黨〉;或是主張採取非和平手段危害台灣主權的國家、政治實體或團體。「滲透來源」則是指境外敵對勢力政府、政黨之組織、團體等,所設立或實質控制的組織、機構、團體或其派遣之人。而刑法上所指通謀的外國,在一中架構下則顯語意模糊不清,究竟中華人民共和國的中國、與中華民國的中國要如何區別?

一月11日的總統大選,台灣人民將用選票來決定,台灣自己及後代子孫們未來的生活方式。是要選擇有言論自由、思想自由、著作自由、選舉自由,或是要接受類似新疆集中營的勞改、香港反送中的血淚抗爭、中國國家主席無任期的剝奪選舉?黑鷹失事罹難的軍士官們,相信此刻都已化身為守護台灣的天使,遨翔守護在台灣上空。香港的朋友說,台灣要加油!是的,我們應該珍惜自己手中那張神聖的選票,來決定台灣及子孫們的未來。黑鷹喚起台灣魂、願上蒼保佑台灣!

謝鎮寬
加州、海沃

Black hawk evokes Taiwan soul

Blackhawk crashed

At 7:55 am on January 2, a flight No. 933 Air Force UH-60H Blackhawk helicopter took off from Taipei Songshan Airport. It is expected to go to Yilan Dongaoling Base to perform the Spring Festival consolation trip. The port disappeared at 328.7 degrees and 17 degrees, flying only 12 minutes. The pilot's last communication report before the crash reported that the visibility was 7 miles, and the cloud height was 3,000 to 5,000 feet, which met the entry criteria.

At 10:30, Chen Ying-chu, a reporter from the Army News Agency, reported on his mobile phone and was squeezed by the wreckage of the plane. At 2:01 pm, the search and rescue team reported that the accident occurred in the oven-shaped mountain in the mountainous area at the junction of Wulai and Jiaoxi. Five alive they were they Major General Liu Hsiao-tang (劉孝堂), Lieutenant General Huang Yu-min (黃佑民), Lieutenant General Tsao Chin-ping (曹進平), Lieutenant Colonel Chou Hsin-yi (周欣頤) and Military News Agency reporter Chen Ying-chu (陳映竹); but Chief of the General Staff General Shen Yi-ming (沈一鳴), Political Warfare Bureau Deputy Director Major General Yu Chin-wen (于親文), Major General Hung Hung-chun (洪鴻鈞) of the Office of the Deputy Chief of the General Staff for Intelligence, pilot Lieutenant Colonel Yeh Chien-yi (葉建儀), Major Huang Sheng-hang (黃聖航) of the Office of the Chief of the General Staff, copilot Captain Liu Chen-fu (劉鎮富), Chief Master Sergent Han Cheng-hung (韓正宏), and crew chief Master Sergeant Hsu Hung-pin (許鴻彬) eight died in the crash.

GSG Shen died

UH-60 "Black Hawk" helicopter is a medium-sized general-purpose and attack helicopter produced by Sikorsky Aircraft Company of the United States. It can perform a variety of different tasks, including: tactical personnel transportation, electronic warfare, and air rescue. Several VH-60N Black Hawks are even used as the US President's landline Marine Corps One (also known as the VH-60 White Eagle). 

The Black Hawk is equipped with advanced avionics systems (such as Global Positioning System) to enhance its battlefield survivability and performance. According to the preliminary interpretation of the crashed flight data recorder FDR (black box), although 80% of the mechanical factors can be ruled out, there is still a 20% chance. From the content of the black box, there is no turbulent flow. Signs can also rule out 80% to 90% of the chance of sinking airflow. As for whether it may be caused by human factors, Yunan Association officials said that this part requires further analysis before we know whether there are human factors.
General Shen Yi-ming, the Chief of General Staff who died tragically in this crash, graduated from the ROC Air Force Academy in 1979. In the 1990s, France sold the Mirage 2000-5 jets to Taiwan, he was the first Taiwanese pilots to be trained in their operation. He graduated from the Air Command and Staff College in 1992 and from the Air War College in the US in 2002. He trained in Saudi Arabia for one year as part of the Peace Bell Program (known as Great Desert Program in Taiwan) active between 1979 and 1990. In the name of Saudi Arabia, the military assisted the North Yemen Republic without diplomatic relations with Taiwan and he was the only General in the national army had participated in the Desert Program.

US condolence

Immediately after the Blackhawk crash, the two major lineups announced immediately that DPP presidential candidate Tsai Ing-wen stopped all election activities for three days and resumed campaign activities on January 5. KMT presidential candidate Han Kuo-yu also announced a two-day truce and launched a rally in Tainan on January 4. On January 5th, Han himself said angrily at the Taoyuan campaign occasion, “The history of the ROC’s army building has not happened in decades, the Supreme Chief of Staff and the Chief of the Chief Sergeant were killed in one breath. We the National Games of China are not prosperous. What the hell is going on? Who is offending Taiwan? Is Taiwan bewitched? "Han apparently smeared the wounds of the victims or wounded in the helicopter crash. On January 6, Tsai said before the departure of the five-day motorcade campaign in the run-up to Saturday’s elections that the "Bewitch" of Han’s remarks on the helicopter accident made the people very sad. At this moment, when doing such a political consumption, "it is really a disqualification. This statement is disrespectful to the dead generals, and it is also a hurt to the generals who are still recovering, and Han should apologize.

The US-Taiwan Business Council President Rupert Hammond-Chambers expressed his thoughts, saying “General Shen was a kind and intelligent person steeped in humility and highly respected within Taiwan’s military and civilian leadership. He had also built a strong professional network in the U.S., particularly during his time as Vice Minister for Policy, which strengthened his importance as an indispensable voice. He will be greatly missed. The loss of CGS Shen Yi-ming is a blow to Taiwan’s ongoing determination to combat aggressive and coercive efforts by the People’s Republic of China (PRC) to end Taiwan’s free and democratic society. USTBC, our members, and the entire U.S. defense community are saddened by this terrible tragedy. We mourn those lost, and hope for a swift recovery for the five survivors.

US flag at half-mast

The American Institute in Taiwan released a statement of condolences on the day of the incident and lowered its flag at half-mast at its new compound in Neihu on January 3; US Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General Mark Milley also extended his condolence, "On behalf of the men and women of the United States Military, I want to send our condolences to members of the Taiwan military on the tragic loss of General Shen and the seven other victims in a helicopter accident." He praised Shen Yiming, " General Shen will be remembered as an exceptional leader to his people, and a champion for Taiwan’s defense and regional security. We are grateful for the service he rendered so selflessly, and cherish our friendship and strong defense relations with Taiwan." AIT Director Brent Christensen said, AIT stands ready to assist our Taiwan counterparts in the aftermath of this tragedy.

The days when the U.S. officially fly the flag at half-staff are divided into several situations: First, in honor of soldiers and civilians who died in the war, such as Memorial Day (the last Monday in May), Patriot Day (September 11 each year), Memorial Day for Peace Officers (May 15), Pearl Harbor Day (December 7), etc. Second, commemorate high-level leaders such as the president, such as 30 days after the death of the president or former president, 10 days after the death of the vice president, current or former chief justice of the Supreme Court, and speaker of the House of Representatives, From the day of the death of the Secretary of the Military Department, the former vice president, and the administrators of a certain state and part of the United States territory to the burial, the United States will lower the flag at half. In addition, whenever the current or former official of the state government dies, the governor of that state can order the flag to be lowered to show respect and mourning. Third, the president and the governor have the right to order half the flag for someone's death and a special event. AIT lowered its flag at this time to mourn the black hawk officer. Someone's spirit of drowning and empathizing is far-reaching and warms the people of Taiwan.

US reaffirms commitment

However, James Song, presidential candidate of the People First Party challenged why the US flied the flag at half-staff that the US government rarely did it. Is there any reason? Not even the whole ROC lowered its flag at all. Only the military lowered it. Don’t you think it’s strange? He strongly questioned whether the plane was sold to us by the US side? Or are we training incorrectly? Should we all have a right to know? If the US is the commander-in-chief of the ROC, he should pay attention to the lives of the generals and the lives of the soldiers. He must also know whether this weaponry is buying or selling anything, isn’t that good, why do accidents happen repeatedly? The responsibility of being a chief commander is to know that we still have a lot of equipment to be safe? Should I ask?

In response to Song's questioning of the US's half-mast flag, we can understand that because most people do not have this honor, and General Shen is indeed the only Taiwanese general who has been recognized by the US government in recent years. AIT said the absence of these dear friends and dedicated partners will be felt for many years to come. We hope that our steadfast commitment to supporting Taiwan’s security will honor their memory. Director Brent Christensen said, “I was privileged to work closely with General Shen in our joint efforts to strengthen the U.S.-Taiwan security relationship. With his keen insight and good humor, he was a valued leader, colleague and friend. He will be sorely missed.”

Fight to death to the last soldier

Only severe trials can test one's strength of character, and see loyalty at difficult time. The Blackhawk helicopter crash is a traumatic event for the Taiwanese nation as a whole and the tragedy. However, with pain and pain, let us remember General Shen and other martyrs who are martyred. We should uphold their legacy and swear to protect Taiwan and defend our homeland. When facing China’s threat and bullying preparing to invade at any time, we must emulate General Shen’s aspirations and Taiwan will swear to fight to death to the last soldier.

However, Wu Sihuai, who also paid by Taiwanese tax payers, returned to China to listen to Xi Jinping's training and take the lead in making troubles in Taiwan's society. Chiu Yi preached that China should use military force to unify Taiwan, saying that it is better not to ask for harmony or military reunification. It is better to find a balance point between peace and force reunification, that is, to start with military, end with peace reunification, and use force first then end up with smiling happy face show. Helplessly, Wu and Chiu are nominated as legislators without division. Once they entered the legislative hall, we believe that their primary goal will be to tear up the anti-infiltration law just passed.

Five Eyes Alliance Anti-infiltration

It is said that Taiwan's criminal law already regulates internal and external crimes. Article 103:
A person who communicates and conspires with a foreign state or its agent with purpose that such state or another state start war against the Republic of China shall be punished with death or life imprisonment. An attempt to commit an offense specified in the preceding paragraph is punishable. A person who prepares or conspires to commit an offense specified in paragraph 1 shall be punished with imprisonment for not less than three years but not more than ten years.  Article 104: A person who colludes with a foreign state or its agent with purpose to subject territory of the Republic of China to such state or another state shall be punished with death or life imprisonment. An attempt to commit an offense specified in the preceding paragraph is punishable. A Person who prepares or conspires to commit and offense specified in paragraph 1 shall be punished with fixed-term imprisonment for not less than three years but not more than ten years. Annette Lu even accused that under the leadership of Tsai, the DPP's totalitarianism power has clearly been restored, making people feel that the president has no responsibility, and even the legislature cannot supervise it. It depends on the president's face. At the President's order, do you still need the Legislative Yuan if you accept without any question?

Is it true, as Lu said? The formulation of the anti-infiltration act is an effective response to the national security protection system of the Five Eyes Alliance. There is only one in Taiwan, and legislation must be in place to safeguard Taiwan's sovereignty, democracy, and security. Take a look at the "Master Chain" of the online knowledge platform that originally intended to enter the Chinese mainland market. After the third reading passed the reverse osmosis law, it immediately issued a statement on the official website saying that it was extremely disappointed that the Taiwan authorities had ignored the public opinion and passed the Anti-Infiltration Act, decided to abandon the Taiwan market and end the Taiwan business. The five-star flag on Kinmen Mofan Street also disappeared overnight after the adoption of the Anti-Infiltration Act. Australian media revealed in a timely manner that Alex Tsai (蔡正元) and Sun Tianqun (孫天群) jointly planned to threaten and lure the Chinese spy Wang Liqiang (王立強). These are the immediate effects after the adoption of the AIA, and although the criminal law has existed for many years, it cannot be prevented.

Vote for Taiwan

The Anti-Infiltration Act is different from Articles 103 and 104 of the Criminal Law, and its purpose is mainly to regulate the infiltration and intervention of hostile forces abroad and Taiwan's liberal democratic constitutional order. Foreign hostile forces explicitly refer to countries that are at war with China or confronted by force (of course, the People's Republic of China), political entities or groups (meaning the Chinese Communist Party); or countries and political entities that advocate non-peaceful means to endanger Taiwan's sovereignty Or groups. "Source of infiltration" refers to an organization, institution, group or person dispatched by an overseas hostile government, political party organization, group, or the like. Conspiracy foreign countries in criminal law are clearly ambiguous under the framework of a Chinese law. How does China in the People's Republic of China differ from China in the Republic of China?

In the presidential election on January 11, Taiwan people will use votes to decide the future lifestyle of Taiwan itself and future generations. Is it to choose, have freedom of speech, freedom of thought, freedom of writing, freedom of election, or accept labor reforms like the Xinjiang concentration camps, bloody tears in Hong Kong anti-extradition protest, and no right to vote for the Chinese presidential term unlimited? The officers who died in the Blackhawk crash believe that at this moment they have turned into angels guarding Taiwan, soaring over Taiwan. Friends in Hong Kong said that Taiwan needs to work hard! Yes, we should cherish the sacred ballot in our hands to determine the future of Taiwan and our future generation. The Blackhawk evokes the soul of Taiwan, and may God bless Taiwan!

 John Hsieh
Hayward, California

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