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  首頁 > 影音網>論述台灣法理地位 -謝鎮寬
論述台灣法理地位 -謝鎮寬

[轉載自:民報]

[謝鎮寬]於2020-09-15 05:09:09上傳[]

 

論述台灣法理地位 De Jure Status of Taiwan




論述台灣法理地位

我是台灣人受敬重

捷克參院議長韋德齊率領一個89人的訪問團,於8月30日至9月4日到台灣做為期6天的訪問。他於1日應邀參訪立法院,並且在國會殿堂發表演講。在引述美國前總統甘迺迪於1963年在西柏林「我是柏林人」的演講時,他強調,只要一人被奴役,所有人都不自由,接著他脫口而出說「我是台灣人」,瞬間受到在場朝野立委熱烈掌聲讚賞。

當我是台灣人新聞播出後,令人亦喜亦怒。一則以喜,高興國際友人肯定支持認同台灣;但一則以憂,對長年來打壓台灣,口口聲聲認同中國終極統一、及綠白紅變色龍、兩岸一家親者依然嗆揪,感到不恥與忿怒。馬英九本是時代過客,早就該被掃進歷史的塵埃,但卻死鴨硬嘴皮不堪寂寞,最近頻頻在媒體上放砲,信口開河其胡言亂語之處,真是離譜令人嘆為觀止。

九二共識沒有共識

馬英九雖然號稱哈佛司法博士,但其虛學寡識早為世人所知。英國經濟學人雜誌,尊稱他為笨蛋Bumbler。他說鹿茸,是長在鹿耳朵的毛;一再堅持九二共識,但辜汪會談是1993年才召開,牛頭不對馬嘴,況且雙方根本未達成任何共識;一貫主張終極統一,指台灣是中國不可分的領土,可惜他完成漠視,早在1895年台澎就已被割讓的史實;聲稱日本已透過開羅宣言、及日華和約,把台灣主權交給中華民國,遺憾的是他根本未曾研讀史料,開羅宣言只不過是蔣介石、邱吉爾、羅斯福三人聯席會議,電台播報的新聞稿,三巨頭沒有任何人署名不具法律效用;台北條約也根本沒有指名,要將台灣主權轉讓給中國。

最近為了搶媒體版面,他變本加厲危言聳聽,指首戰即終戰、美軍不會來,完全不知美國是被舊金山和約授權,指定為二戰後台灣的主要佔領權國,馬英九對國際法認知的薄弱,實在令人不敢恭維。針對美豬美牛進口他向蔡英文放話,要求「總統鄭重道歉、延後開放時間」。依據美國2010年人口普查資料,承認自己是台灣人者有230382人,十年後的今天,雖然人口普查尚未截止、官方數字還沒出爐,但保守估算來自台灣的台美人,應該有超過百萬之譜。美國政府對市場食品安全的把關相當嚴謹,相信沒有一個台美人,到美國超市買菜時,會有所謂瘦肉精的顧忌。然而台灣社會在有心政客的炒作下,把美牛美豬當成毒品,美國人能吃,台灣人食不得,台灣幾時有如此高標,真是讓人莫名其妙啼笑皆非。難不成在美台僑的食安意識,有如此低俗嗎?相信親中反美,才是問題核心。那些炒作政客,企圖把美豬美牛進口,扭曲成人民心中標定的食安政治議題,這當然無法讓人民接受與認同。

中華民國寄生台灣苟延殘喘

台灣社會在國民黨長期的洗腦灌輸下,台灣人民被教育去接受,台灣現況是1949年國共內戰延續至今未決的殘局,時時刻刻都拿中華民國法統大帽,來壓制台灣人民要求當家作主的自決意志。然而真實的歷史是,台灣早在李鴻章簽訂馬關條約時,就已經被永久完全割讓給日本。今日中華民國,是寄生台灣,賴以苟延殘喘。事實是,至今世上沒有任何條約或法理文件可以證明,中國不論是中華民國或中華人民共和國,擁有台灣的領土主權。希望那些空嘴嚼舌的政客們,能拿出任何有力的法理依據,來說服人民,否則就是強詞奪理、痴人說夢。

台灣現況被誤導成國共內戰未完殘局,是錯誤的歷史認知。然而真實的台灣法理地位,應該是二次大戰後,美國在太平洋戰區,未完成的國際事務。從二戰息火,麥克阿瑟將軍第一號軍令授權蔣介石軍事佔領台灣、1954 年的中美共同防禦協定、1979年的台灣關係法、1982年的六大保政,及最近美國國會所通過一系列友台法案、台灣旅行法、台灣國防法、台灣邦交國保障法等等,都具體說明,證實美國實質維護台灣防禦、保障安全、社會穩定、促進經濟繁榮。台灣政府必須與美國、日本密切配合,才能完成合法擁有台灣領土主權。其先決條件就是,台灣社會必須成立一個,能夠代表台灣人民的合法政府。美國做為台灣的主要佔領權國,才能將台灣主權,合法地交付給這個受人民託付的台灣政府。

重返UN必然遭拒

這個台灣政府當然不是指,今日由民進黨執政的中華民國政府。因為依據聯合國2758號決議,它已經被中華人民共和國取代;中華民國在聯合國的席次,也由中華人民共和國合法繼承。最近台灣外交部,試圖再提以中華民國,或中華民國台灣重返聯合國,這簡直是做白日夢。想想誰有能力,重新改寫舊金山和平條約判決、聯合國安全理事會第530次會議決議、聯合國大會第2758號決議、台灣關係法,這些法律文件、國際條約,都已清清楚楚寫明,台灣不屬於任何一個中國,不論是ROC或PRC。2007年陳水扁,就曾試圖以中華民國總統之尊,用中華民國總統府信箋,致函聯合國秘書長潘基文提出申請,台灣加入聯合國。結果當然名實不符,吃了閉門羹,不得其門而入。現在故技重施毫無長進,凸顯其只想掩人耳目,多此一舉。

其實聯合國憲章第二章第四條,清楚寫著「 一、凡其他愛好和平之國家,接受本憲章所載之義務,經本組織認為確能並願意履行該項義務者,得為聯合國會員國。二、准許上述國家為聯合國會員國,將由大會經安全理事會之推荐以決議行之。」台灣想進聯合國的先決條件,就是向全世界證明,自己是一個擁有領土主權的國家。以目前台灣的現況來說,其憲法領土尚包括中國與蒙古,更離譜的是根本不擁有台灣國家主權,即領土領土主權。挪心自問,這難道就是台灣人民的國際事務認知水準嗎?台灣需要一個,全盤了解國際事務,能帶領人民走出中華民國虛幻國度的總統,來完成台灣最終的法理定位。

護照遮掩法統拖累

今日台灣在國際社會,是一個四不象的國家,既不擁有中國卻又自稱中華民國,其憲法疆域甚至涵蓋神州大地。雖然世人都稱她為台灣,但自己又總在身上穿戴著中華民國,卻拿不出文件來證明,何時由誰授予台灣領土主權。台灣自二次大戰結束後至今已歷75年,其法理地位依然模糊。期望主要佔領權國的美國,能有像川普總統於2017年12月6日宣佈,過去克林頓、布希、歐巴馬,都不敢承認國會於1995年通過耶路撒冷為以色列首都的魄力,來解決美國二戰後至今尚未完成的任務,定錘台灣最終法理地位。

這次武漢疫情肆虐,全民在民進黨蔡英文政府領導下因應得宜,讓台灣因禍得福,瞬間躍上國際舞台,成為閃亮耀眼的世界之星,歐美社會相繼來台取經,要與台灣提升實質關係、密切交往。當捷克參院議長韋德齊說我是台灣人時,這是對台灣人民具體的肯定與支持,這是台灣全體人民的成就、榮耀與驕傲,絕不是對中華民國政府的肯定。然而最近外交部公佈新版護照,其上半身仍然標誌、穿戴著中華民國衣冠,腳踩台灣大地,真是令人費解欲哭無淚,民進黨政府擁有過半數的國會席次,這群精英的集體領導智慧,令人費解,不知他們要把台灣帶到那裡去?他們說護照封面已看不到ROC了,保留中華民國是包容反對黨,尊重國家現有體制,還有反正外國海關也看不懂漢字。其實這些都是冠冕堂皇的藉口,真正原因相信大家心理有數,就是離不開中華民國法統,不想、也不願意真正脫掉ROC大衣。

法理台灣昂首國際

究竟在台灣贏得選舉,掌權執政的核心價值是什麼?在當今的國際社會,有誰支持中華民國?聯合國早已否決、中華人民共和國將它掃地出門、美國1979年起與其斷交、中華民國的時代任務,已經早就被掃入歷史。不管台灣將來最終法理地位如何定奪,建國成為台灣共和國,或不幸被中國併吞,淪為中華人民共和國的一部份,中華民國都注定成為歷史的過客。民進黨捨不得正名,難不成執政者,還想班師回朝到南京去主政,統治全體中國,有此能力嗎?14億的中國人會同意嗎、能接受嗎?看來台灣要法理建國,還有一段漫長的路要走。

今年九月八日,是舊金山和平條約簽署第69週年紀念日,這是一個值得全體台灣人民緬懷的日子,因為台灣最終的政治法理地位尚未確定,我們需要全體人民集思廣益,來落實台灣人民的自決意志。想以中華民國、或中華民國台灣參與聯合國,只能說異想天開門都沒有。希望民進黨能看清楚這個事實,歐美國際社會所肯定的是台灣,而不是中華民國。盼望有志之士能夠持續關注、攜手打造,完成我們數百年來共同理想宿願、建立台灣共和國。

謝鎮寬
加州、海沃

https://www.peoplenews.tw/news/83012099-fa07-4a53-a71c-029e8bd78bf7
民報
【專文】論述台灣法理地位
文/謝鎮寬(加州、海沃) 2020-09-07 12:40

De Jure status of Taiwan

I am respected being as a Taiwanese

Czech Senate President Milos Vystrcil led an 89-member delegation to Taiwan for a six-day visit from August 30 to September 4. He was invited to visit the Legislative Yuan on the 1st and delivered a speech in the Hall of Parliament. When quoting former U.S. President Kennedy’s speech in West Berlin in 1963, " Ich bin ein Berliner ", he emphasized when one man is enslaved, all are not free. Then he blurted out in Mandarin that "I am Taiwanese" and he instantly received all legislators’ thunder applauds.

When I am Taiwanese news broadcast, it made people happy and angry. One is with joy and glad that international friends will definitely support and identify with Taiwan; but the other is with sorrow, for years of suppressing Taiwan, and vocally agreeing with China's ultimate reunification, and the green-white-red chameleon claiming one family on both sides of the strait are still choking, make one shame and anger. Ma Ying-jeou was originally a passer-by of the times, and he should have been swept into the dust of history long ago, but he was so lonely and clamored. Recently, he has repeated frequently set off in the media and talked about nonsense. It is really outrageous and breathtaking.

There is no consensus on the 1992 consensus

Although Ma is known as the Harvard Judicial PhD, his ignorance has long been known to the world. The British Economist magazine respectfully called him the Bumbler. He said that velvet antler is the hair that grows on deer ears; he has repeatedly insisted on the 1992 consensus, but the Koo-Wang talks were only held in 1993, and the two sides have not reached any consensus. He has always advocated ultimate reunification, referring to Taiwan as China. Unfortunately, he has completely ignored the historical facts that Taiwan and Penghu had been ceded as early as 1895. He claimed that Japan had passed the sovereignty of Taiwan to ROC through the Cairo Declaration and the Taipei Treaty. Unfortunately, he had never studied it. According to historical data, the Cairo Declaration is nothing but a joint meeting of Chiang Kai-shek, Churchill, and Roosevelt, and a press release broadcast by the Cairo radio. None of the Big Three has signed and is not legally valid; the Taipei Treaty does not authorize to transfer Taiwan’s sovereignty to China.

Recently, in order to grab the media page, he has become more noise saying that the first battle will be final and the US military will not come. He does not know that the US is authorized by the San Francisco Peace Treaty and designated as the principal occupying power of Taiwan after WWII. Ma's poor knowledge of international law is indeed. It's really unacceptable. In response to the import of US beef and pork, he asked Tsai Ing-wen, demanding that "the President apologizes solemnly and delays the opening hours." According to the 2010 U.S. Census report, 230,382 people identified that they were Taiwanese. Ten years later, although the 2020 census has not yet ended and the official figures not yet available, it is conservatively estimated that there should be more than one million Taiwanese Americans. The U.S. government, FDA has strict controls on food safety in the market. I don’t think there is any TA worries the food safety while shopping in American supermarkets. However, under the hype of deliberate politicians, Taiwanese society treats American cows and pigs as poison drugs. Americans can eat them, but not Taiwanese. When Taiwan has such a high standard, it is really inexplicable. Is it possible that the food safety awareness of Taiwanese American is so vulgar? Believe that pro-China and anti-US is the core of the problem. Those hype politicians attempt to import the US pork and beef into a political issue of food safety in the hearts of the people. Of course, this cannot be accepted and recognized by the people.

The ROC parasitizes on Taiwan to survive
Under the long-term brainwashing of the KMT in Taiwan, the people have been educated and accepted the current situation in Taiwan is an unresolved endgame from the China civil war between KMT and CCP in 1949. They always use the pledge of ROC to suppress Taiwan people’s will to be self-determination. However, the real history is that Taiwan and Penghu were ceded to Japan in perpetuity and full when Lee Hongchang signed the Shimonoseki Treaty. Today, the ROC is parasitizing Taiwan to live on. The fact is that there is no any treaty or legal document in the world can prove that China, whether it is ROC or PRC owns the territorial sovereignty of Taiwan. I hope that those empty-talked politicians can come up with any strong legal basis to convince the people otherwise they will be nonsense, arrogant and idiotic.

The misleading of current Taiwan status is the unfinished drama of the KMT-CPC civil war, which is a wrong historical perception. However, the true legal status of Taiwan should be the American unfinished business in the Pacific Theater after WWII. Since war ended in 1945, General MacArthur’s General Order No. 1 authorized CKS to military occupy Taiwan, the Sino-U.S. Mutual Defense Agreement in 1954, the Taiwan Relations Act in 1979, the Six Assurance Agreement in 1982, and a series of friendly acts, Taiwan Travel Act, Taiwan National Defense Act, TAIPEI Act, etc., passed by the US Congress recently. They all specify that the US actually safeguards Taiwan’s defense, guarantees security, social stability, and promotes economic prosperity. The Taiwan government must cooperate closely with the US and Japan to complete the legal transaction of Taiwan's territorial sovereignty. The prerequisite is that Taiwanese society must establish a legitimate government that can represent the people of Taiwan. As the principal occupying power of Taiwan, the US must legally transfer Taiwan's sovereignty only to a legitimate Taiwanese government entrusted by the people.

Returning to UN will definitely be rejected

Of course, this Taiwan government does not refer to the ROC exiled government that is run by the DPP today. Because according to UN Resolution 2758, it has been replaced by the PRC; its seat in the UN has also been legally inherited by the PRC. Recently, Taiwan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs tried to push ROC or ROC-Taiwan return to the UN. This is simply a pipe dream. Look, who has the ability to rewrite the San Francisco Peace Treaty judgment, the resolution of the UN Security Council 530th meeting resolution, the UN Resolution 2758, the TRA, these legal documents and international treaties have clearly stated that Taiwan does not belong to any China, whether it is ROC or PRC. In 2007, Chen Shui-bian used the Presidential letterhead of the ROC sent a letter to Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General to apply for Taiwan's membership in the UN. As a result, it’s just a kidding for the name not matching the fact and rejected right away. Now there is no improvement in re-application of the old skills, highlighting that it only wants to fool around people. What a waste!

In fact, Article 4 of Chapter II of the UN Charter clearly states "1. Membership in the United Nations is open to all other peace-loving states which accept the obligations contained in the present Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able and willing to carry out these obligations. 2. The admission of any such state to membership in the United Nations will be effected by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council.” The prerequisite for Taiwan to enter UN is to prove to the world that it is a country with territorial sovereignty. Based on the current situation of Taiwan, its constitutional territory still includes China and Mongolia. What is even more outrageous is that it has no national sovereignty of Taiwan, that is, territorial sovereignty. Just checking with oneself, is this the level knowledge of Taiwan people in international affairs? Taiwan needs a president who fully understands international affairs and can lead the people out of the illusory state of the ROC to complete Taiwan's ultimate legal status.

Taiwan Passports under ROC

Today, in the international community, Taiwan is not a legal sovereign nation. It does not own China but claims to be the Republic of China. Its constitutional territory even covers the whole China’s land. Although the world calls her Taiwan, she always wears the ROC jacket on her body, but she cannot present documents to prove when and who granted Taiwan territorial sovereignty. Taiwan has been 75 years since the end of WWII and its legal status is still vague. It is hoped that the US, the principal occupying power, will be able to act like President Trump announced on December 6, 2017 that in the past former Presidents Clinton, Bush, and Obama did not dare to recognize the courage of Congress to pass Jerusalem as the capital of Israel in 1995. Solve the unfinished business of the US after WWII and set Taiwan's final legal status.

This time the Wuhan virus is raging. Under the leadership of the DPP Tsai Ing-wen’s government, the whole people have responded appropriately, allowing Taiwan to be a blessing in disguise and instantly jump onto the international stage and become a shining star in the world. European and American societies have come to Taiwan to learn from each other and must enhance their substantive relations with Taiwan close contacts. When the Czech Senate President Milos Vystrcil said that “I am Taiwanese”, it was a concrete affirmation and support to Taiwan people. This is the achievement, glory and pride of all people in Taiwan, and it is by no means an affirmation of the ROC government in exile. However, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs recently announced a new version of the passport. The upper half is still marked, wearing the ROC garb, and stepping Taiwan on the bottom half. It is really puzzling. The DPP government has more than half of the seats in Congress. The collective leadership of this group of elite wisdom is puzzling. I wonder where they want to take Taiwan to. They said that the ROC is no longer visible on the passport cover. Retaining the ROC is to tolerate the opposition party and respect the country's existing system. In addition, foreign customs cannot read Mandarin characters anyway. In fact, these are all high-sounding excuses. The real reason is that everyone is well-informed. They are inseparable from the legal system of the ROC, and they don't want or want to really take off the ROC jacket.

De jure Taiwan march to the world

What is the core value of winning elections in Taiwan and being in power? In today's international society, who supports the ROC? The UN has long expelled it, the PRC swept it out, the US broke off diplomatic relations with it in 1979, and the tasks of the ROC have been swept into history. Regardless of how Taiwan’s final legal status is determined in the future, the founding of the country as the Republic of Taiwan, or unfortunately being annexed by China and becoming a part of the PRC, the ROC is destined to become a historical traveler. The DPP is reluctant to rectify its name. Is it possible that they still dreaming one day return to Nanjing to govern and rule over the whole China? Does it have this ability? Will the 1.4 billion Chinese people agree and accept it? It seems that there is still a long way to go before Taiwan can establish a de jure nation.

September 8th this year marks the 69th anniversary of the signing of the San Francisco Peace Treaty. 
This is a day worthy of the memory of all Taiwanese people. Because Taiwan’s ultimate political and legal status has not yet been determined, we need all people to pool their wisdom to implement the self-determination of the Taiwan people. If you want to participate in the UN with ROC or ROC-Taiwan, you can only tell them no way but a day dream. I hope that the DPP can see this fact clearly. The international community in Europe and America affirms Taiwan, not the ROC. I hope that people with lofty ideals can continue to pay attention and work together to achieve our common dream for hundreds of years and establish the Republic of Taiwan.

John Hsieh
Hayward, California

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